Won’t someone please start selling reproductions of these swell WWII poison gas posters? Don’t know if they are available at the gift shop at the Texas Military Forces Museum in Austin where they currently hang, but thank God, they are least available online via the Otis Historical Archives National Museum of Health & Medicine.
Called “Hun Stuff” by the allies against whom it was employed during WWI, mustard gas was banned by the Geneva Convention in 1925 but nonetheless continued to be employed outside Europe during the ’20s and ’30s (by Italy vs. Libya, France vs. Morocco, Japan vs. China) and was famously a tool of extermination used by Saddam Hussein against the Kurds in 1988. Its coincidental effect of suppressing blood cell formation later led to to its use in development of the first chemotherapy drug, mustine.
Lewisite is related to arsenic and was created by US military scientists trying for a follow up to mustard gas, though it wasnt’ developed in time to see action in WWII. In the 1920s, it aquired the name “Dew of Death”
Chloropicrin was also first used first by the Germans in WWI. Today it is used used as a fumigant to exterminate vermin and animals as large as rabbits. It not on causes extreme tearing but also acutal liquification of the cornea.
Phosphene was by the Germans during WWII and by the Japanese during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Previously it had been used used extensively in dye manufacturing and today is used in the production of polycarbonate eyeglass lenses.